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Diabetes (medically known as diabetes mellitus)

Diabetes (medically known as diabetes mellitus) is the name given to disorders in which the body fails to produce or properly use insulin and has trouble regulating its blood glucose, or blood sugar, levels. A healthy pancreas releases precise amounts of rapid-acting insulin in response to the body’s needs when sleeping or waking, eating or exercising, or just living. Insulin is necessary for the body to be able to use glucose for energy. When you eat food, the body breaks down all of the sugars and starches into glucose, which is the basic fuel for the cells in the body. Insulin takes the sugar from the blood into the cells. When glucose builds up in the blood instead of going into cells, it can lead to diabetes complications.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Only 5%–10% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease. Type 1 diabetes is currently incurable, but it is treatable with a rigid therapy of artificial insulin. With the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, even young children with type 1 diabetes can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy, happy lives.

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Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes results when the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes represents 90%–95% of all diagnosed cases. Some groups have a higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes than others, but type 2 diabetes can also be caused by poor diet and an inactive lifestyle. If caught in its early stages, type 2 diabetes is often treatable with modifications in diet and an exercise program. If left untreated, a person with type 2 diabetes could eventually develop and require the addition of artificial insulin.

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Gestational Diabetes

During pregnancy – usually around the 24th week – many women, who have high blood glucose levels, develop gestational diabetes. A diagnosis of gestational diabetes doesn't mean that you had diabetes before you conceived, or that you will have diabetes after giving birth. The condition usually goes away after pregnancy, but if left untreated can harm the baby.

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Living with diabetes is certainly not as carefree as living without it, but managing diabetes doesn’t have to be all-consuming. With the development of technology, your diabetes management can be made easier and easier.